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Article Media Additional Info

Epistemology: Additional Information

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    philosophical schools and doctrines

      religious philosophies

        philosophy of

          Additional Reading

          General works

          The texts of classic works in epistemology are available in many English-language translations; two notable collections are The Loeb Classical Library and the Oxford Classical Text series.

          Ancient epistemology

          An excellent collection on skepticism is Myles Burnyeat (ed.), The Skeptical Tradition (1983). Greek Skepticism in particular is covered in R.J. Hankinson, The Sceptics (1999).

          Medieval epistemology

          For the period as a whole, of interest are appropriate articles in The Cambridge History of Later Greek and Early Medieval Philosophy, ed. by A.H. Armstrong (1967); and The Cambridge History of Later Medieval Philosophy: From the Rediscovery of Aristotle to the Disintegration of Scholasticism, 1100–1600, ed. by Norman Kretzmann, Anthony Kenny, and Jan Pinborg (1982).

          Modern epistemology

          Two excellent and now classic histories of early modern philosophy from different perspectives are Edwin Arthur Burtt, The Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Physical Science, rev. ed. (1972), which emphasizes the effect of modern science on philosophy; and Richard H. Popkin, The History of Scepticism from Erasmus to Spinoza, rev. and expanded ed. (1979; also published as The History of Scepticism: From Savonarola to Bayle, 2002), which emphasizes the rediscovery of skepticism in the 16th century.

          A good introduction to Locke’s thought is John W. Yolton, Locke: An Introduction (1985). Daniel E. Flage, Berkeley’s Doctrine of Notions: A Reconstruction Based on His Theory of Meaning (1987), discusses a central but neglected aspect of Berkeley’s epistemology. The best clear, brief, and accurate explanation of Kant’s epistemology is A.C. Ewing, A Short Commentary on Kant’s “Critique of Pure Reason” (1938, reprinted 1987). An important book that rejects the view of Kant as a phenomenalist or subjective idealist is Henry E. Allison, Kant’s Transcendental Idealism: An Interpretation and Defense (1983). A major study on the relationship between Kant and Hegel is Robert B. Pippin, Hegel’s Idealism: The Satisfactions of Self-Consciousness (1989).

          Contemporary epistemology

          Continental epistemology

          A short and readable history of Continental philosophy is Robert C. Solomon, Continental Philosophy Since 1750: The Rise and Fall of the Self (1988). Brian Leiter and Michael Rosen (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Continental Philosophy (2007), is a useful anthology of secondary literature.

          Analytic epistemology

          An excellent introduction to analytic epistemology is Paul K. Moser, Dwayne H. Mulder, and J.D. Trout (eds.), The Theory of Knowledge: A Thematic Introduction (1998). Also recommended are Robert Audi, Epistemology: A Contemporary Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge, 3rd ed. (2011); and Roderick M. Chisholm, Theory of Knowledge, 3rd ed. (1989). Jonathan Dancy, Ernest Sosa, and Matthias Steup (eds.), A Companion to Epistemology, 2nd ed. (2010), is a comprehensive reference work.

          Article History

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          Feb 11, 2021
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